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Tag Archives: Energy policy of the People’s Republic of China

Green Business Ideas – Less known inventions may have answers to CDM


Once in a lifetime, the World sees a sea-change and the Civilization as we know it takes a quantum leap. Historians mark it later as an ‘age’. We are familiar of the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, the Industrial Age, the Atomic Age and presently

The Climate Change & Economic Meltdown Age.

Both can be averted, should the Pundits of KP2 understand what should be considered as a true clean development project and allow for financial support.There has been amazing inventions which cut across all sectors – Housing, Transport, Food, Clothing, Energy Efficiency.

We must herald in the Renewable Energy Age.

While most of them can be found under the search term “future”; what is most important is that there were some which once could have been termed as future but now been relegated to the failed past. Now that they have failed during their launch does not necessarily make the invention a failure. It was more of an marketing and economic failure than the failure of the invention itself.

Segway

It 2009 Segway the inventor of the battery operated 2 wheel transport system came up with the P.U.M.A. along with GM and it was supposed to be launched in 2012. With hardly a fortnight left in the year, it is obvious that success did not kiss the feet of this invention. Just as the Segway is more of a tourist attraction than a serious alternate Urban transport even in India and other Asian countries where if popularised (By adding a bicycle seat and more ergonomics. Once past the novelty factor, one seriously looks for a little comfort)  and given a  rebate in price many would definitely opt for, albeit with a little nudge from the Government as mandatory, at least in the seriously congested Burroughs of our Mega Cities. We could begin especially in the High-street market areas, where parking becomes a serious problem and can be avoided to a great extent, yet help commuters negotiate the distances which they otherwise would want a transport too.

Piezo Electric tiles

The next which allures me is the Piezoelectric tiles. Till date we have only six locations where it has been effectively used. Where as the potential of this is so huge. Especially again in India and Asia as a whole where density of population is immense. In my article Green Business Ideas :Bombay can produce 2MW / day of Electricity by just adding Piezoelectric tiles on railway stations.would indeed be a great CDM idea, and I’m sure Indian scientist could definitely indigenize what the UK, US, Hong Kong and Japan are using at their walk ways and metro rail stations.

Combining this with the piezoelectric parking lot, which the west is seriously looking into we in India could solve a great extent of our electricity problems. As in the megalopolis of India, the density of population which is a bane for most Urban development project would become a boon. In my limited understanding, the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) would greatly benefit should we allow the piezoelectricity to be harnessed in the same manner as in JNNSM. A public-private partnership where the energy generated by the populace is given back to them for common good. It would also help reduce the enormous load the existing power plant have in its effort to supply to the City at the cost of a village. As an egalitarian society we must not just strive for  equality but also seen to be doing so,

Moreover, it makes perfect business sense and CIICESD, which is in the front-line for sustainability in business must make it their case and make aware the opportunities in piezoelectricity to the enterprises under its membership.

Moving onwards we have extremely superb potential in Felix-Solar panels. While it is true that a wide application is happening with it, what I don’t see as an Energy Efficient Building designer the application of it in India’s swank and energy guzzling glass buildings.

The most innovative Green Business idea for it was to build a curtain with it. Which MIT did. But if we want efficiency we need to design it as we would do with a standard SPV installation, giving it the same inclination while facing south. To be exact louvred blinds and place it inside the glass wall. It would not only act as a shading device but also capture the sunlight and convert it into energy much more efficiently than the concepts presently available. In fact almost all the prime business districts of Nehru place in New Delhi, Nariman Point in Mumbai and the new centres of Gurgoan and Bandra-Kurla complex in these cities can avail the advantage. And it is most suited for south facing windows. And in-fact in some cases it is the only solution because the roof area is usually taken up by host of plant and machinery required for a modern building. Those with large East-West facing glass buildings need not despair as solution for them too are available, which by far would be the most innovative if implemented.

This concept would also be most useful for Hospital and Hospitality which have many windows which can be put on good use. Imagine the south wall of major hospital having solar louvres ? It is already being done in the west. The power generated can directly of-set the cost of cooking food for the in-patients. Which also consumes CNG. While one can always argue the RoI of piped gas to that of Solar, but we are talking of Climate change mitigation not a business proposition. And for business proposition we already have the RESCO’s offering Solar PV solution in OPEX format.

 

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CIICESD : Business of Green is taught best by those in Business.


World Business Council for Sustainable Development

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Rio+20 Summit will be held this year June. And WBSCD would be there in its full force hoping for singular change towards a low carbon economy. On June 1992, the eve of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) [also known as the Earth Summit or Rio Summit] in  a new global organisation – Business Council for Sustainable Development (BCSD) – was founded to involve business in sustainable development issues. The primary focus then was to give industry and business a voice in the Earth Summit. Today, after 20 years, with more than 170 members of important global companies, the WBCSD (morphed from BCSD) continues its business leadership catalyzing change towards sustainable development, based on eco-efficiency, innovation, and corporate social responsibility.

INDIA – named after the river Indus, which the original inhabitants along its banks called -Sindhu  and the ancient army from Greece under Alexander pronounced with a “H” thus the term “Hindu“.  And then we have “Bhagiratha” who brought the Ganges to earth, as depicted in the mythology.

And the most telling – our country is called both India & “Bharat”, at once bridging the modern with the ancient. Reminding us in each word that, one must keep its roots to the glorious  & Eco-responsive past while forging ahead into the future. India the very name itself has been derived from the life giving water, without which no life is Sustainable – anywhere in this Galaxy! And when one reads the story of Bhagiratha, one would find it so close to the story we once again are facing today; scarcity of water. Everyday articles are written about how future Wars would be fought for Water.

So, it comes as no surprise when modern India, whose soul is ancient and steeped in the culture of sustainable living, which I have mentioned more in my previous article, has its businessmen naturally adapt to what each must have learnt between the process of being a child – man – businessman ; Sustainability. Indians always knew of it, but it got buried in the sands of crony capitalism. Which is being dusted off by the efforts of CIICESD and the likes.

Diagram showing aspects of sustainable develop...

Diagram showing aspects of sustainable development as Ecology, Economy and Society bounded by Environment (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The sustainable face of Business  India came out into the fore in 1991 – with a similar and parallel movement at the very same time as the BCSD; CII decided to establish an Environmental Management Division (EMD) that would work under the aegis of the CII National Environment Committee. EMD was established on Monday, June 1, 1992. This was the origin of Indian industry’s contribution towards meeting the goals of Agenda 21, a declaration that was passed during the Earth Summit. This with time, grew to become CII-ITC CESD of today headed by Ms. Seema Arora . The CII – ITC Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Development is an institution that creates a conducive, enabling climate for Indian businesses to pursue sustainability goals. It creates awareness, promote thought leadership and build capacity to achieve sustainability across a broad spectrum of issues.

Arm-in-arm with the NAPCC – National Action Plan on Climate Change; CIICESD is the doer of what the Government of India envisages through the various missions within NAPCC. Lush green fields are found where the grass roots are strong, else the moisture from deep within the soil can not be extracted to nourish. The various programs on sustainability CIICESD conducts throughout the year, in training, seminars etc is towards a path of creating awareness among those who already know, yet need to understand how to impart their knowledge to others. This capacity building would enable India adapt to conduct all its business sustainably in the era of grave Business Risk due to human induced Climate Change.

The most interesting part, is that CIICESD with its depth of reach among all the leading industries, imparts the knowledge to the young managerial staff who are slated to move up the ladder, thus in the process inculcate the training received in all their real time assignments. But it is easier said than done, unless the Companies itself takes a board-room decision to implement the thoughts of CIICESD on their shop-floors. There is room for scope in this.

The three pillars of sustainability. Click on ...

The three pillars of sustainability. Click on image areas for more information. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

As awareness on Global Warming and Climate change will grow, with its immediate impacts felt  around the World, ( as is happening ) the task of CIICESD and other forums engaged in the task of  promoting sustainable economy would become more and more critical.  As was evident with the recently concluded  Business forum on Climate Change  organised by CIICESD to devise strategies for effective long – term low carbon transformation. For without adapting to the challenges which are already critical, business in all sectors would suffer. The Stern Review concludes in its in-depth study that unless quick and effective measures are taken, beyond 2020, should the World continue in its path of high -carbon growth, the reactionary climate related devastation would cost the world nearly 20% of the World GDP.

 

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Green Business Ideas : India should promote NSM & NMSH to make NMEEE a success


The Prime Minister of India had launched The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) on 30th June 2008.It outlines a national strategy that aims to enable the country adapt to climate change and enhances the ecological sustainability of India‘s development path. It stresses that maintaining a high growth rate is essential for increasing living standards of the majority of people of India and reducing their vulnerability of the impacts of climate change.

Eight National Action Plan were mooted -representing multipronged, long term and integrated strategies for achieving key goals in the context of climate change. The National Missions are to be institutionalized by the respective Ministries  and will be organized through inter-sectoral groups. The first 3 are already operational.

The National Missions are –

National Solar Mission,
National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency, (1)
National Mission on Sustainable Habitat,
National Water Mission,

National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Eco-system,
National Mission for a Green India,
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture and
National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change.

In this article we shall talk about the second action plan – National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency (2)(NMEEE). And how we could look at it from a completely different perspective. However, let us first understand this beautiful instrument created to combat Climate change and offer economic opportunities.

The Eleventh Plan Outlay for Energy Conservation & NMEEE schemes was Rs 8.6 billion to promote energy conservation measures in the country. The Union Cabinet had approved the implementation plan of the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) with a budgetary support of Rs.23.54 billion required for implementation of the Mission with effect from 2010-11. It also approved the creation of two new posts of Deputy Director General (Joint Secretary level) in the Bureau of Energy Efficiency. The NMEEE initiatives will avoid capacity addition of about 19,598 MW. It would result in fuel savings of around 23 million tonnes of oil equivalent (MTOE) and reduction in Green House Gasses (GHG) emissions of 98.55 million tonnes. The National Mission seeks to create and sustain markets for energy efficiency in the entire country which will benefit the country and the consumers. If one reads the detailed paper on NMEEE, it focus is more on Demand Side Management ( DSM ) of 9 Energy Intensive Industries Identified to be known as Designated Consumers (DCs) – Power (Thermal) 104.1 MTOE ; Integrated Steel 28.0 MTOE; Cement 11.87 MTOE;  Fertilizer 7.86 MTOE; Textile 1.62 MTOE; Aluminum 7.73 MTOE; Paper 2.09 MTOE; Chlor-­Alkali 1.06 MTOE; which totals to  164.15 MTOE (Million Ton of Oil Equivalent ) in energy. The implementation plan of NMEEE seeks to upscale the efforts to create the market for energy efficiency, and is estimated  about Rs 7,500 billion.

NMEEE can be divided into   PAT; MTEE; EEFP & FEED .(3)

a) A market based mechanism to enhance cost effectiveness of improvements in energy efficiency in energy-intensive large industries. The trading of energy saving certificates would facilitate this process { Perform Achieve and Trade        ( PAT) }.

b) Accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the products more affordable. {Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE) }.

c) Creation of mechanisms that would help finance demand side management programs in all sectors by capturing future energy savings. {Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP)}.

d) Developing fiscal instruments to promote energy efficiency namely Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED)

The overall idea of NMEEE is to achieve the following –

• Protecting the poor and vulnerable sections of society through an inclusive and sustainable development strategy sensitive to climate change.
• Achieving national growth objectives through a qualitative change in direction that enhances ecological sustainability, leading to further reduction in emissions of GHGs.
• Devising efficient and cost-effective strategies for end-use demand-side measures.
• Deploying appropriate technologies for both adaptation to and mitigation of the adverse effects of emissions of GHGs extensively as well as at an accelerated pace.
• Engineering new and innovative forms of market, regulatory, and voluntary mechanisms to promote sustainable development.

While all these are superlative and having met the core team of NMEEE at Chennai, during one of the stake-holders meet and  have immense respect for there depth of knowledge and dedication; let us look at what are the issues small consultation companies or independent Energy Auditors are facing to implement NMEEE and what can be done to popularize it.

The mainframe of NMEEE is PAT, which is focused at  Specific Energy Conservation (SEC), and this is complex to map;  because the energy usage pattern varies widely in industries of a particular sector due to various diversities like -Scale of Production (Installed Capacities); Use of Raw Material; Process Technology; Vintage of Technology; O & M Practices; Type of Product Output etc. While this is a great idea and business potential, barring the very large industries which find it feasible to adopt the PAT mechanism, the Small & Medium Scale industry of the same sector are not yet showing much enthusiasm. Primarily because even with the MTEE & EEFP, industry can not overnight stop production and upgrade technology.  So while the potential energy saving in the industrial sector is 98 billion KWh with a business potential of Rs. 2,400 billion; this target which we are thinking will be achieved by 2014 is a little difficult  to meet, more so in the current economic situation.

Further, Energy Audits of commercial and industrial facilities require a large amount of time to gather data and process them to offer the solution required.  All types of utility bills needs to be collected, for a period between one to three years, for analysis of pattern of use in different seasons, and  then certain benchmark need to be found. The performance of the any facility depends on various factors such as changes in weather, occupancy  or production levels and  this needs to be compared with design intent and similar type of facility which is used for comparison, to identify any error which is then used as clues for further analysis. Major energy loads are identified and analyzed and sometime spot data logging or sub-metering is required for specific energy loads or equipment to gather more data. For more advanced analysis, computer simulation analysis of the building and load patterns may be involved.

Trained and experienced engineers are required for much of this analysis, which further increases cost. Small consultancy companies  and independent energy auditors therefore find the going tough to convince industry owners to do an energy audit and more so where some of  the medium scale industry owner seeks a performance guarantee on the solutions which the consultants can provide, even before an audit is commenced.

Therefore to continue the course that has been set under NMEEE, the smaller independent auditing agency one must  look at the lowest hanging fruit that is Buildings & Lighting. One must focus at Lighting – 70 billion KWh translating to Rs. 400 billion (source- BEE); Buildings – 3.52 billion KWh ( source ADB )  which  Rs. 120 billion in business opportunities. Now if we add to it the administrative blocks of the 9 core DC identified, the business opportunity expands and Roof-top or captive solar and Green Building norms can get inducted. Because here is something which perhaps the policy makers have not looked into, that is, every industry big or small have an administrative block, which  falls under the Building sector. Although  this finds a mention in NMEEE but is not a core focus area yet. And all large facilities have lighting which independently mapped is a large segment.

It would make a great Green Business Idea should the authorities make mandatory 10% reduction in energy across all sectors and not limit the first 10% to come from the SEC in the large DC’s but be mapped from their building and lighting.  Especially Baseline energy consumption and emissions from commercial buildings, data centers. In fact Primary stakeholders for energy efficiency are  Commercial and residential buildings, which also form a part of large DC’s. For example if we take any of the “Navratna” ( nine gems ) industry, say Iron & Steel Plant, it has administrative blocks within the boundary walls of the plant, along-with  a whole residential township set up for its employees whose power consumption only in lighting and buildings could rival that of any Tier -II & III cities. In fact they are mini cities themselves. It would give impetus to two other missions under the NAPCC, namely the National Solar Mission and National Mission on Sustainable Habitat.

If the core idea of the National Mission is to bring in Enhanced Energy Efficiency, it must allow and support the Green Building criteria sooner than later and let it get the advantages of  EEFP & FEED enshrined in the NMEEE.

Courtesy: All images displayed are from the internet. Thanks to all who have created them

 

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